Learn from an experimental physicist

Jun 12, 2015 learning Qt Windows NI-VISA phys-332

NI-VISA library provides a set of C++ functions to communicate with hardwares connected to a PC, while Qt library can be used to create a GUI to control those communications. Your GUI written with Qt has to be compiled against the NI-VISA library to realize it.

I downloaded the NI-VISA and installed it in my 64-bit Windows-7 PC.
The library is located at C:\Program Files (x86)\IVI Foundation\VISA\WinNT\lib\msc\visa32.lib. Note that there is also a 64-bit version of the library: C:\Program Files (x86)\IVI Foundation\VISA\WinNT\Lib_x64\msc\visa64.lib. But I cannot compile a Qt project against it. There is also a 32-bit library compiled with Borland C++ compiler: C:\Program Files (x86)\IVI Foundation\VISA\WinNT\lib\bc\visa32.lib.
Since Qt is compiled with Microsoft Visual C++, I use visa32.lib in the msc directory instead of the one in the bc directory.

I had to install Qt compiled with the 32-bit Microsoft Visual C++ instead of the 64-bit one in the Qt installer. If you already installed Qt, you can select the 32-bit msvc using the Qt Maintenance Tools:

enable 32-bit msvc compiler in 
Qt

and then select the 32-bit compiler for a project if there are other compilers available:

select 32 bit compiler in Qt 
Creator

I had to add the following two lines in my project file (the one ended with .pro):

win32: LIBS += "C:\Program Files (x86)\IVI Foundation\VISA\WinNT\lib\msc\visa32.lib"
win32: INCLUDEPATH += "C:\Program Files (x86)\IVI Foundation\VISA\WinNT\Include"

and include the VISA header file in my program to use functions provided by NI-VISA library:

#include <QCoreApplication>
#include <visa.h> // include VISA header file
#include <QDebug>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    QCoreApplication a(argc, argv);

    // open resource manager
    ViSession rscmng;
    ViStatus stat = viOpenDefaultRM(&rscmng);

    // search for the oscilloscope
    ViChar viFound[VI_FIND_BUFLEN];
    ViUInt32 nFound;
    ViFindList listOfFound;
    stat = viFindRsrc(rscmng, (ViString)"USB?*", &listOfFound, &nFound, viFound);

    // connect to the oscilloscope
    ViSession osc;
    stat = viOpen(rscmng, viFound, VI_NULL, VI_NULL, &osc);

    // communicate
    viPrintf(osc, (ViString)"*IDN?\n");
    char buf[256] = {0};
    viScanf(osc,(ViString)"%t",&buf);
    qDebug()<<buf;

    // close VI sessions
    viClose(osc);
    viClose(rscmng);

    return a.exec();
}

Note that I had to explicitly cast strings in the double quotes to ViString. Otherwise, I would get the following error message:

cannot convert argument from 'const char []' to 'ViString'
About

Blogs on physics research and educational activities of Jing LIU, an assistant professor in physics at the University of South Dakota. He is an experimental physicist developing novel particle detectors for astroparticle physics and civil use.